- As of 2010[update], the township had a total of 303.32 miles (488.15 km) of roadways, of which 244.16 miles (392.94 km) were maintained by the municipality, 28.79 miles (46.33 km) by Middlesex County, 17.69 miles (28.47 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 12.68 miles (20.41 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
- The Garden State Parkway extends 7 1⁄2 miles (12.1 km) through the Township, including exits 127 to 131. The Parkway connects Sayreville in the south to Clark in the north. In addition, the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) passes through Woodbridge Township for about 5 1⁄4 miles (8.4 km), and is accessible at Exit 11 (which features a 24-lane toll gate). The Turnpike's Grover Cleveland service area is located between Interchanges 11 and 12 northbound at milepost 92.9 and the Thomas Edison service area is located between Interchanges 11 and 12 southbound at milepost 92.9.
- U.S. Route 1 and U.S. Route 9 serve the township and merge heading north of the township as the U.S. Route 1/9 concurrency. Other roadways passing through the township are Route 27, Route 35, Route 184, and Route 440.
- The 15-lane Driscoll Bridge on the Garden State Parkway and the adjacent 6-lane Edison Bridge on U.S. Route 9 both span the Raritan River, connecting Woodbridge Township on the north with Sayreville on the south.
- The first cloverleaf interchange in the United States opened in 1929 at the intersection of Route 25 (now U.S. Route 1/9) and Route 4 (now Route 35).
- There are three train stations in the township: Metropark, Avenel (which has limited service) and Woodbridge. Service is provided at Metropark by New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor Line and at Avenel and Woodbridge on the North Jersey Coast Line The Metropark station also offers Amtrak Northeast Corridor services to Newark (Penn Station), New York (Penn Station), Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and Boston.
- New Jersey Transit provides bus service on the 115 and 116 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the 48 to Elizabeth and local service on the 801, 802, 803, 804, 805, 810, 813 and 815.
- The Woodbridge Township School District serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. All schools in the district are accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Secondary Schools. The district's three high schools offer more than 150 courses, including Advanced Placement, college preparatory, business, vocational and cooperative work/study programs.
- As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 24 schools had an enrollment of 13,109 students and 1,029.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student-teacher ratio of 12.74:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are 16 K-5 elementary schools: Mawbey Street School #1 (320), Avenel Street School #4&5 (602), Port Reading School #9 (396), Ross Street School #11 (421), Ford Avenue School #14 (214), Indiana Avenue School #18 (493), Menlo Park Terrace #19 (327), Claremont Avenue School #20 (346), Oak Ridge Heights School #21 (265), Lynn Crest School #22 (374), Woodbine Avenue School #23 (461), Kennedy Park School #24 (369), Lafayette Estates School #25 (534), Robert Mascenik School #26 (290), Pennsylvania Avenue School #27 (224) and Matthew Jago School #28 (433); Five middle schools (grades 6-8): Avenel Middle School (602), Colonia Middle School (621), Fords Middle School (699), Iselin Middle School (625) and Woodbridge Middle School (453); High schools for grades 9-12 in the district are Colonia High School (1,389), John F. Kennedy Memorial High School (1,380) and Woodbridge High School (1,411).
- Wakefern Food Corporation, owner of ShopRite, has its headquarters in Keasbey in the township.
- Woodbridge is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter law, under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) system of municipal government, with a directly elected mayor and a nine-member Township Council, all elected to staggered four-year terms of office on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. The Council consists of four members elected at-large and five members elected from each of the township's five wards. The at-large and mayoral seats come up together for vote followed two years later by the five ward seats. The Township Council is the legislative body of Woodbridge Township.
- The Mayor of Woodbridge Township is Democrat John McCormac, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015. McCormac was first elected on November 7, 2006 and sworn in on November 14, 2006. McCormac replaced Frank G. Pelzman, who became mayor on January 17, 2002 when former Mayor James E. McGreevey resigned to become governor. Mayor is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition, a bi-partisan group with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg.
- As of 2014[update], members of the Township Council are Council President Kyle Anderson (D, 2015; at-large), Council Vice President Michele Charmello (D, 2017; Third Ward), James V. Carroll (D, 2015; at-large), Richard A. Dalina (D, 2017; Second Ward), Gregg M. Ficarra (D, 2015; at-large), Nancy Drumm (D, 2017; First Ward), James Major (D, 2017; Fourth Ward), Debbie Meehan (D, 2017; Fifth Ward) and Brenda Yori Velasco (D, 2015; at-large).
Federal, state and county representation
- Woodbridge Township is located in the 6th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 19th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Woodbridge Township had been split between the 7th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
- New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).
- For the 2014-2015 Session, the 19th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Vitale (D, Woodbridge Township) and in the General Assembly by Craig Coughlin (D, Woodbridge Township) and John Wisniewski (D, Sayreville). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
- Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2014[update], Middlesex County's Freeholders (with committee chairmanship, party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Ronald G. Rios (Ex-officio on all committees - D, term ends December 31, 2015; Carteret), Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (County Administration - D, 2014; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township), Kenneth Armwood (Business Development and Education - D, 2016; Piscataway), Charles Kenny (Finance - D, 2016; Woodbridge Township), H. James Polos (Public Safety and Health - D, 2015; Highland Park), Charles E. Tomaro (Infrastructure Management - D, 2014; Edison) and Blanquita B. Valenti (Community Services - D, 2016; New Brunswick). Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D; Old Bridge Township), Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016; Piscataway) and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).
- As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 54,674 registered voters in Woodbridge Township, of which 20,900 (38.2%) were registered as Democrats, 6,135 (11.2%) were registered as Republicans and 27,611 (50.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 28 voters registered to other parties.
- In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 55.9% of the vote here (21,590 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 42.0% (16,251 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (472 votes), among the 38,657 ballots cast by the township's 55,075 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.2%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 53.5% of the vote here (19,662 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 45.1% (16,589 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (367 votes), among the 36,770 ballots cast by the township's 51,913 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 70.8.
- In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 50.1% of the vote here (11,987 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 41.9% (10,029 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.2% (1,710 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (261 votes), among the 23,913 ballots cast by the township's 53,843 registered voters, yielding a 44.4% turnout.
- Woodbridge Township is located at 40°33′39″N 74°17′33″W / 40.560751°N 74.292627°W / 40.560751; -74.292627 (40.560751,-74.292627). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 24.507 square miles (63.473 km2), of which, 23.213 square miles (60.122 km2) of it is land and 1.294 square miles (3.350 km2) of it (5.28%) is water.
- Area codes 732 and 848 are used in Woodbridge.
- Many distinct communities exist within Woodbridge Township. Several of these communities have their own ZIP codes, and many are listed by the United States Census Bureau as census designated places (CDPs), but they are all unincorporated communities and neighborhoods within the Township that, together, make up Woodbridge Township.
- Avenel (with 2010 Census population of 17,011), Colonia (17,795), Fords (15,187), Iselin (18,695), Port Reading (3,728), Sewaren (2,756), Woodbridge Proper (19,265) are census-designated places and unincorporated communities located within Woodbridge Township. Other unincorporated communities within the township are Hopelawn, Keasbey and Menlo Park Terrace.